„I had a very good name for the estate, and it was musical and pretty – GARDEN OF EDEN.“ / extract from the ‚extracts from adam’s diary‘ by mark twain

Monday – This new creature with the long hair is a good deal in the way. It is always hanging around and following me about. I don’t like this; I am not used to the company. I wish it would stay with the other animals. […]

Tuesday – Been examining the great waterfall. It is the finest thing on the estate, I think. The new creature calls it Niagara Falls – why, I am sure I do not know. Says it LOOKS like Niagara Falls. That is not a reason, it is mere waywardness and imbecility. […]

Wednesday – Built me a shelter against the rain, but could not have it to myself in peace. The new creature intruded. […]

Friday – The naming goes recklessly on, in spite of anything I can do. I had a very good name for the estate, and it was musical and pretty – GARDEN OF EDEN. Privately, I continue to call it that, but not any longer publicly. The new creature says it is all woods and rocks and scenery, and therefore has no resemblance to a garden. Says it looks like a park, and does not look like anything but a park. Consequently, without consulting me, it has been new-named – NIAGARA FALLS PARK. This is sufficiently high-handed, it seems to me. And already there is a sign up



Tuesday – She has littered the whole estate with execrable names and offensive signs:

 This way to the Whirlpool

This way to Goat Island

Cave of the Winds this way

She says this park would make a tidy summer resort if there was any custom for it. Summer resort – another invention of hers – just words, without any meaning. What is a summer resort? But it is best not to ask her, she has such a rage for explaining.

mark twain, ‚extracts from adam’s diary‘, 1904


albrecht dürer, ‚vertreibung aus dem paradies‘ aus der folge ‚kleine (holzschnitt)passion‘, 1509/10