tuinen het loo: ‚a description of the king’s royal palace and gardens at loo‘ & knipsen

von 1685 bis 1692 liess der niederländische statthalter willem van oranje für sich und seine frau mary stuart, tochter von james II, das schloss het loo erbauen. die architekten waren der aus frankreich stammende hugenotte daniël marot und jacobus roman, stadtbaumeister von leiden, ab 1689 hofarchitekt. mit dem palast aus backstein wurden die gärten angelegt. der fränzösische einfluss von andré le nôtre, hofgärtner von willems intimfeind louis XIV., ist zu spüren. was jedoch hier im waldgebiet veluwe bei apeldoorn entstand, ist niederländisch, hollands classicisme. prunkvoll und repräsentativ, aber nicht protzig à la versailles.

1689, nach der glorious revolution, bestiegen die erbauer als william III und mary II den englischen thron. hampton court, mit dem für willem angelegten privy garden, oder kensington palace wurden zu hauptresidenzen. im 18. jhr. wurde der garten teilweise dem zeitgeschmack angepasst. im19. jhr., unter louis napoléon bonaparte, verschwand der barock und ein landschaftsgarten wurde angelegt, die barocken paterres aufgefüllt. in der regierungszeit von königin wilhelmia, die nach ihrer abdankung hier lebte, kamen nebengebäude hinzu. zwischen 1977 und 1984 wurde der barocke tuinen het loo rekonstruiert.

bei barockgärten wird gerne mantramässig vom einfluss der gärten von versailles gesprochen. gerade in nordeuropa sollte man eher vom einfluss von het loo sprechen. das im marketingjargon als ”westfälisches versailles” bezeichnete schloss nordkirchen, ist ein „münsterländer het loo“: neben dem architekten gottfried laurenz pictorius (später johann conrad schlaun) wirkte am bau auch jacobus roman mit. oder der große garten in herrenhausen: sophie von der pfalz, kurfürstin von braunschweig-lüneburg aka hanover, war massgeblich an der gestaltung beteiligt. die tochter des winterkönigs, friedrich V. von der pfalz, verbrachte ihre kindheit im niederländischen exil des vaters bei der verwandtschaft ihrer mutter elisabeth stuart. der einfluss der niederländischen gärten wie het loo ist in hannover jederzeit sichtbar, wenn man die versailles-brille abnimmt. eine barocke dutch wave …

1699 erschien in london das buch ‚a description of the king’s royal palace and gardens at loo, […]‘ vom königlichen leibarzt walter harris. eine beschreibung des gartens im „original“-zustand und ein wichtiges dokument für die restaurierung des tuinen het loo:

THIS Description of the King’s Palace, and Gardens at Loo, was most of it written at the Command of our late most Incomparable Queen, of ever Glorious Memory, who was not displeased with the Sight of it; and who, though she Honoured this Royal Fabrick with the laying its first Stone, yet could never have the Pleasure of seeing it Perfected: […]

  

die mittlere allee & ein baunzaun (nicht richard serra, das paleis wird renoviert).

HIS Majesty’s Palace and Gardens at Loo are situated on the cast-side of a large Sandy Heath, or in the Veluwe, a considerable part of the Province of Gelderland, one of the Seven United Provinces. The Heath is extended Southward unto the Rhine, and Northward unto the Zuyder, or South Sea; Westward it runs almost to Amersfort, or within less than two Leagues of it; and Eastward it is extended to the Issel, a considerable River that divides Overyssell from the Veluwe. Loo is three Leagues from Deventer, five from Harderwick on the South-Sea, five from Dieren, another of His Majesty’s Places, six from Arnheim, and twelve Leagues or Hours from Utrecht. It is an excellent Country for Hunting, and abounds with Staggs, some Roe-bucks, the Wild Boar, Foxes, Hares, and some Wolfs. It is no less excellent for Fowling, and has good store of Woodcocks, Partridges, Pheasants, &c. In a Wood near Loo, there is a Herniary for Hawking; and within a league of it North-cast, His Majesty has of late caused to be made an Excellent Decoy, which supplies his Family with good store of Ducks and Teale. And in the Heath beyond the Gardens, there are six Vi∣vers or large Fish-ponds, somewhat after the model or resemblance of those in Hide-Park, the one communicating with the other. […]

The New Palace, lately built by His Majesty, is near unto the Old Hoof, or Old Court, which is a Castle surrounded with a broad Moat, and purchased about 12 or 14 Years ago from the Seigneur de Laeckhuysen, a Gentleman of this Country. They are separated from one another only by some of the Gardens, which lye on the West-side of the New Palace. The Gardens are most Sumptuous and Magnificent, adorned with great variety of most Noble Fountains, Cascades, Parterres, Gravel Walks, and Green Walks, Groves, Statues, Urns, Paintings, Seats, and pleasant Prospects into the Country.

Before the Gate that enters into the Court of the Palace, there is a broad Green Walk between a double row of Oaks, half a mile long; […].

  

blick vom dach über den benedentuin und den boventuin & die die beiden gärten trennende allee mit kanälen. Weiterlesen

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frühling: blumenzwiebeln & gras / ‚the wild garden‘ von william robinson

How many of us really enjoy the beauty which a judicious use of a profusion of good and cheap Spring Bulbs is certain to throw around a country seat or villa garden? How many get beyond the miserable conventionalities of modern gardening, with its edgings and patchings, and taking up, and drying, and mere playing with our beautiful Spring Bulbs? How many enjoy the exquisite beauty afforded by Spring flowers of this type, established naturally, and croping up full of beauty, without troubling us for attention at any time? None. The subject of decorating with Spring Bulbs is merely in its infancy; at present we merely place a few of the showiest of them in geometrical lines. The little we do leads to such a very poor end, that numbers of people, alive to the real charms of a garden too, scarcely notice Spring Bulbs at all, regarding them as things which require endless trouble, as interfering with the “bedding–out,” and in fact, as not worth the pains they occasion. This is likely to be the case so long as the most effective and satisfactory of all modes of arranging them is unused by the body of the gardening public; that way is the placing of them in wild and semi–wild parts of country seats and gardens, and in the rougher parts of a garden, no matter where it may be situated or how it may be arranged. It is a way never practised now, but which I venture to say will yield more real interest and exquisite beauty than any other.

Look, for instance, at the wide and bare belts of grass that wind in and around the shrubberies in nearly every country place; generally, they never display a particle of plant–beauty, and are merely places to be roughly mown now and then. But if planted here and there with the Snowdrop, the blue Anemone, the Crocus, Squills, and Winter Aconite, they would in spring surpass in attractiveness to the tasteful eye the primmmest and gayest of spring gardens. Cushioned among the grass, these would have a more congenial medium in which to unfold than is offered by the beaten sticky earth of a border; in the budding emerald grass of spring, their natural bed, they would look far better than ever they do when arranged on the brown earth of a garden. Once carefully planted, they – while an annual source of the greatest interest – occasion no trouble whatever. Their leaves die down so early in spring that they would scarcely interfere with the mowing of the grass, if that were desired, but I should not attempt to mow the grass in such places till the season of vernal beauty had quite passed by.

Surely it is enough to have the lawn as smooth as a carpet at all times, without sending the mower to shave the “long and pleasant grass” of the remoter parts of the grounds. It would indeed be worth while to leave many parts of the grass unmown for the sake of growing many beautiful plants in it.

william robinson, ‚the wild garden or, our groves & shrubberies made beautiful by the naturalization of hardy exotic plants: with a chapter on the garden of british wild flowers‘, london, 1870.